An MRI Brain Image Segmentation and Tumor Detection using SOM-Clustering and PSVM Classifier

Journal: GRENZE International Journal of Engineering and Technology
Authors: D. Rammurthy, Mahesh P. K
Volume: 3 Issue: 3
Grenze ID: 01.GIJET.3.3.3 Pages: 1-9

Abstract

In recent days, image processing is widely used in diagnosis of disease such as brain tumor, Cancer, Diabetes etc. Brain tumor is one such dangerous disease and currently moreover 600,000 people have this type of disease. Image segmentation is an important technique highly used to extract the suspicious parts from medical images such as MRI, CT scan, and Mammography etc. With this motivation in this work, SOM clustering is proposed for MRI brain image segmentation. Before the segmentation the Histogram Equalization is utilized for feature extraction which will improve the segmentation accuracy. After the segmentation process, the feature extraction using Gray Level Cooccurrence Matrix is utilized which avoids the formation of misclustered regions. The Principle Component Analysis (PCA) method is used for the feature selection to improve the classifier accuracy. An effective classifier Proximal Support Vector Machines (PSVM) is used to automatically detect the tumor from MRI brain image. This method is faster and computationally more efficient than the existing method SVM.

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