Biometric Recognition System (Algorithm)

Conference: Fifth International Conference on Advances in Electrical Measurements and Instrumentation Engineerin
Author(s): Rahul Kumar Jaiswal, Gaurav Saxena Year: 2016
Grenze ID: 02.EMIE.2016.5.516 Page: 40-47


Fingerprints are the most widely deployed form of biometric identification. No two individuals share the same fingerprint because they have unique biometric identifiers. This paper presents an efficient fingerprint verification algorithm which improves matching accuracy. Fingerprint images get degraded and corrupted due to variations in skin and impression conditions. Thus, image enhancement techniques are employed prior to singular point detection and minutiae extraction. Singular point is the point of maximum curvature. It is determined by the normal’s of each fingerprint ridge, and then following them inward towards the centre. The local ridge features known as minutiae is extracted using cross-number method to find ridge endings and ridge bifurcations. The proposed algorithm chooses a radius and draws a circle with core point as centre, making fingerprint images rotationally invariant and uniform. The radius can be varied according to the accuracy depending on the particular application. Morphological techniques such as clean, spur and H-break is employed to remove noise, followed by removing spurious minutiae. Templates are created based on feature vector extraction and databases are made for verification and identification for the fingerprint images taken from Fingerprint Verification Competition (FVC2002). Minimum Euclidean distance is calculated between saved template and the test fingerprint image template and compared with the set threshold for matching decision. For the performance evaluation of the proposed algorithm various measures, equal error rate (EER), D􀭫􀭧􀭬 at EER, accuracy and threshold are evaluated and plotted. The measures demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is more effective and robust.


EMIE - 2016